Characteristics Of A Good Teacher

BY Okokoyooyooyo I.E/Nwaham
There are some professional and personal qualities or characteristics
associated to a good teacher. These are to be considered in detail, starting with the professional qualities or characteristics.
Professional Characteristics
The Professional Characteristics include:
Knowledge of subject: A good teacher is expected to have an in depth knowledge and understanding of conducts, principles, generalizations etc. of the subject he is assigned to teach in the school. Highest (1963) accepted this fact as the most necessary
of all the characteristics of good teacher. The teacher according to him, must know what he teaches. It might not be enough for the teacher to know the exact amount of the subject that is taught in schools and required for the final or certification examinations. Rather he should really understand the intricacies of the subject. He should know the most important discoveries or new knowledge in his subject area. This means that he will continue to learn the subject every year, every month, every week, and every day if possible. This will make a good teacher to build up a growing library of his own.
A good teacher, therefore, should be very sound academically. This will demand constant reading on the part of the teacher so that he will grow in knowledge and experience and also update
the knowledge and skill to impart to the learners. The good teacher should be abreast of innovations and current books. Journals etc. and by attending seminars, conferences and workshops. Thus the teacher is expected to develop himself professionally. He should be a life-long learner. A teacher that is academically sound will have self-confidence
any time he faces the learners he is to teach.
Likeness for his subject: The good teacher must essentially like his subject.
The teacher is usually enthusiastic about the subject and his enthusiasm interests others. This has some vital link with the first (that is knowledge of subject) as it is almost impossible for a teacher to go on learning his subject year after without feeling a spontaneous
interest in the subject.
Likeness or interest in one’s subject will give the person a steadily increasing knowledge. If a teacher enjoys his subject
it will be easy for him to teach even when he is tired and delightful when he is feeling fresh. Such a teacher will most probably not be at a loss for a new illustration, for a topic of discussion or for an interesting point of view.
Command of Language of Instruction:
The teacher is expected to have good command of the language being used for teaching the learners. In the Nigerian context, English is the main language of instruction and thus the good teacher should have the ability to present ideas in oral or written form with the lowest level of simplicity and clarity possible. The teacher in addition, should use standard or better English inside and outside of the classroom and also adapt his usage of language to the needs of the learners.
Effective and Efficient Implementation
of Leaning Experience: Teacher education curriculum usually embraces courses in psychology. It is therefore expected that a good teacher will essentially
understand psychology of human learning in particular and apply it to his teaching The teacher should also create room for wide and active participation of learners this builds up Motivation, maintain a good balance between his activity and that of the learners, cater for individual differences of learners, foster group based activities and display mastery of methods that will enhance and promote learning. As Akuezilo (1989) highlighted, an effective teacher would have many ways of teaching and a variety of resources for each method. According to him, what makes an hour lecture seem short is often the ability of…. The teacher to break it up into smaller segments as this… afford him sufficient means to achieving a variety…. Performance.
Also the use of examples relevant to the subject matter will most probably enrich the learner’s cognitive structure and provide advance
organizers that will promote meaningful learning.
Love for and Commitment to the Teaching Profession: A good teacher believes that teaching is worthwhile and identifies with the teaching profession. Such a teacher sees teaching as his special calling in which he can improve the lot of humanity
directly or… indirectly, he is innovative, resourceful, diligent and …adaptable, proud of the teaching profession and radiates joy in the classroom, he is also punctual and readily Accepts responsibility for activities outside normal classroom activities.
Planning for Instruction: A good teacher makes systematic and adequate
plans for teaching. He always plans his lesson in a systematic way. He formulates appropriate specific instructional objectives for his lessons
and is noted for orderly presentation
of his lessons. A good teacher selects instructional materials with due consideration for individual differences and also organizes the materials effectively. In addition, such a good teacher uses variety of evaluation techniques and gives prompt feedback after evaluation of students learning.
Staff Relations: A good teacher is known to relate to his professional colleagues in and outside the school and adheres to professional ethics.
Professional Distance: Good teachers have been associated with the ability to create a teachers have been associated with the ability to create a teacher-student …. Characterized
by a relationship which is not over- similar: they reject over dependency but allow objective treatment and encourage mutual respect among every one.
Discipline: A good teacher knows how to maintain discipline and how to manage the classroom/other learning environments efficiently and effectively. The Ughamadu and Okoye (1998), indicated that a good pupils and encourages pupil interest and co-operation, develops uses constructive disciplinary measures when necessary and adheres to school policy on matters of discipline.
Management of School Routines:
A good teacher usually secures
good learning conditions through effective arrangement of available furniture, equipment and materials, controls distraction elements or factors: efficiently and effectively manages administrative requirements and schedules time appropriately
Personal Characteristics
The Malone College Handbook as cited by Ughamadu and Okoye (1998) listed the personal qualities or characteristic a good teacher should possess.
They include:
Appearance: Exhibits good taste and neatness in dress, is clean and well groomed, has no distracting mannerism.
Personality: Is friendly, understanding,
helpful, exhibits ability to get along with others; exhibits individually,
is mentally alert, cheerful, confident, is courteous and tactful.
Poise: Exercises self-control; is not easily disturbed by minor distraction;
maintains professional distance; thinks before acting.
Emotional Stability: Exhibits appropriate emotions in a variety of situations; does not over-reaction normal stimuli.
Health and Vitality: Has good general physician… condition and mental health; able to carry normal loan… with energy in reserve; is free from trivial worries.
Effective Speech: is clear, fluent, and distinct, has…. With inflection range modulation; is free from irritating…
mannerisms, e.g excess breathiness, broken rates,….unnecessary
Initiative: Begins tasks readily on his own; detects…. And reacts appropriately
to opportunities, seeks out a…. variety of ways to accomplish a task; contributes to the solution of professional problems.
Judgment: Exhibits ability to exercise
prudence….in practical matters; is cautious or discreet with opinions; is circumspect, sensible, and exercises
control in evaluation.
Sense of Homour: Exhibits appropriate
use of …..humor in interpersonal
relations; senses and appreciates
that which is funny or amusing:
: Displays behavious guided by consideration, ethical principles, and an awareness of the implications of the situation at hand. Avoids such conduct as brusqueness, sarcasm and humiliation to obtain desired ends. Appreciates each situation with reserve and deliberation.