The Nature And Necessity Of Local Governments

SCRIPTS BY MONDAY UWAGWU
SINCE Creation, man has always been in search of strategies and tactics that fulfil his proximate needs-actual and or constructive. This is in an attempt to fill up the yawn in his life-political, cultural, social, economic, etc.
In every sphere of life-socio-economic, political and even cultural- man, as I said, from creation, has always had the innate capacity to fashion strategies and tactics to meet his immediate or proximate needs, some of which include shelter, food, education, health care and so on.
With regard to the political scenario, man has had to evolve different genres of political modules to meet his peculiar needs at any point in time. In this respect, he has had, at times, deep romantic engagements with different genres of political philosophy-autocracy, fascism, theocracy, military (rule), diarchy (rule of an admixture of both civilians and the military)gerontocracy, monarchy (whether constitutional or ceremonial/traditional) and democracy. Throughout history, man has had to deploy one of these formats or genres of political philosophies to meet his peculiar needs at any point in his evolution.
However as time went by and man continued to feel the compulsive impulse of reforms, he had to abandon some of the philosophies listed above in favour of others that he felt were more compatible with his immediate or proximate needs.
A clear instance of the deference of man to the impulse for change is most evident in the history of medieval-era Greece, which, in the course of its remarkable political evolution, had to fashion the popular representation module of governance to which modern democracy, particularly the Western variant, is largely attributed. Of course, this was in the era of the days of
Governor Ifeanyi Okowa.the Greek city states.
Today, in the light of the exponential increase in the demographic profiles of most modern nations and states and the complexity arising therefrom,the concept of the inclusive approach to politics and governance at proximate geographic quarters has gradually given vent to the representative module of political engagement. This concept and practice of political representation is attained via election, mainly through universal adult suffrage, in which stakeholders make their choice of the pool of candidates.
At the same time as political representation evolved and caught the fancy of an elated world, the imperative to take politics, governance and public administration nearer to the people in a geographic sense, was never lost on stakeholders. This was how the concept of local government system, also called counties in some areas of the world, evolved.
In Nigeria, it is difficult to actually say when the local government system crept into the political structure of the country. This is because, until the January 1, 1914 amalgamation of different component parts into what is now Nigeria by Frederick Lord Lugard, Nigeria, as it is now known, was never one uniform political entity.
Consequently, they could not have had a uniform political history.
As of today, there are 774 local government areas in the country’s 36 states and the Federal Capital Territory (FCT), Abuja, with Kano state-with 44 units-as the state with the highest number of local government areas. Inversely, Bayelsa State has the lowest number of local government areas among all of Nigeria’s states.
In Delta State, there are 25 local government areas, with eight in each of the south and central senatorial districts and nine in the north senatorial district.
The local government areas in the central senatorial district are Uvwie; Udu; Sapele; Ughelli North; Ughelli South; Okpe; Ethiope East and Ethiope West. In the north senatorial districts are Aniocha North; Aniocha South; Ika South; Ika North-East; Ukwuani; Oshimili North; Oshimili South; Ndokwa West and Ndokwa East. The central senatorial district has Isoko North; Isoko South; Warri North; Warri South; Warri South West; Burutu; Patani and Bomadi.